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Tag: Bias

El efecto Von Restorff, o efecto de aislamiento

El efecto Von Restorff, o efecto de aislamiento

El efecto Von Restorff, también llamado efecto de aislamiento, hace referencia al fenómeno de aumentar la memoria selectiva cuando vemos un elemento que es claramente diferente del resto.  Un claro ejemplo del bias Von Restorff, es como es mucho más fácil que alguien que lea este artículo recuerde las partes en negrita, sobre todo ahora que se está asociando una causalidad directa, que si se intentase recordar términos esparcidos por el artículo. Cualquier tipo de forma de hacer que algo…

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Resumen del libro Pensar Rápido Pensar Despacio por Daniel Kahneman (Thinking Fast and Slow)

Resumen del libro Pensar Rápido Pensar Despacio por Daniel Kahneman (Thinking Fast and Slow)

Resumen corto: Thinking Fast and Slow o en español Pensar Rápido Pensar Despacio nos explica como nuestro cerebro funciona usando 2 sistemas que están constantemente luchando por el control de nuestro comportamiento y acciones. La lucha entre estos dos sistemas nos lleva muchas veces a cometer errores de juicio o a tomar decisiones equivocadas. Aprende a controlar tu mente y crear los hábitos y actos que te lleven a conseguir tu objetivo. Por Daniel Kahneman ¿Quien es Daniel Kahneman? Daniel…

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Resumen del Libro Cisne Negro por Nassim Nicholas Taleb (Black Swan)

Resumen del Libro Cisne Negro por Nassim Nicholas Taleb (Black Swan)

Resumen corto: Black Swan o en español El cisne negro: El impacto de lo altamente improbable explica porque se nos da tan mal predecir el futuro y como eventos inesperados pueden afectarnos de forma dramática y cómo aprender a manejar mejor las situaciones inesperadas. Por Nassim Nicholas Taleb ¿Quién es Nassim Nicholas Taleb? Nassim Nicholas Taleb se encuentra entre los economistas y pensadores contemporáneos más prolíficos, habiendo escrito una serie de obras aclamadas por la crítica como Fooled by Randomness,…

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Resumen del libro Seeking Wisdom From Darwin to Munger por Peter Bevelin (En Busca de la sabiduría de Darwin a Munger)

Resumen del libro Seeking Wisdom From Darwin to Munger por Peter Bevelin (En Busca de la sabiduría de Darwin a Munger)

Resumen corto:Seeking Wisdom From Darwin to Munger o en español En busca de la sabiduría de Darwin a Munger. Nuestra naturaleza es básicamente la de cazadores/recolectores y esto explica gran parte de nuestro comportamiento. Este libro nos ayuda a entender porqué nos comportamos como hacemos a través de entender la historia de la humanidad y como evitar los errores más comunes en los que caemos. Por Peter Bevelin 3 de las ideas principales del libro son En busca de la…

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Mental Models (Special Content)

Mental Models (Special Content)

Galileo had a great analogy to describe the limits of our default perspective. Imagine you are on a ship that has reached constant velocity (meaning without a change in speed or direction). You are below decks and there are no portholes. You drop a ball from your raised hand to the floor. To you, it looks as if the ball is dropping straight down, thereby confirming gravity is at work. Now imagine you are a fish (with special x-ray vision)…

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Mental models (IV)

Mental models (IV)

Why do we fail to update them? Distance. One of the biggest problems we can have is distance because mental models are never perfect. As we said, mental models are ways in which we try to understand the world and are based on our experiences and knowledge which means that mental models are never a real representation of the world. This means that they can be wrong and as such we have to continue testing and updating them if needed…

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Mental Models (III)

Mental Models (III)

Why we should learn from our environment and be ready to constantly update our mental models. As humans and by using mental models we usually end up in a situation where we end up getting in our own way. It’s hard to understand a system that we are part of because we have blind spots, where we can’t see what we aren’t looking for, and don’t notice what we don’t notice. This happens because we forget that mental models are…

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The human brain and biases

The human brain and biases

Objectivity as we know it is usually defined as being able to make a judgment or coming to a certain conclusion while getting rid of any possible bias. Meaning that we usually say we are objective when we know which could be the things that affect our decision making and making up for them so that their effect is the least possible. The problem with this, is that we can try to get rid of thoughts that make us less…

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Hunger

Hunger

Photo by Tristan Colangelo on Unsplash What is hunger Hunger is, different from what many of us could imagine, partly a learned phenomena. Think for example of how many of us don’t feel hungry the moment we wake up, and how this changes once we start seeing cues that remind us of breakfast. Or how even though  not much time has passed since our last meal, we start feeling ”hungry” as lunchtime  and dinnertime arrive. It isn’t only because too…

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